At All Saints we follow the letters and sounds programme in Reception and Year 1. Alongside this, we use the flying with phonics scheme to support children learning to write their graphemes because we teach pre-cursive writing in Reception.
Letters and Sounds Phase 2 Phase 2 covers the basic sounds for the 26 letters of the alphabet. Whilst it is aimed more towards Reception aged children, it would be excellent if Year 1 children could occasionally revise these in preparation for their phonics screening at the end of May. Feel free to explore the resources and games in Phase 2, especially focusing on blending the sounds together to form words.
Phonics Play Any of the interactive games on this site are appropriate for both Reception and Year 1 children. Some of the games will introduce 'alien' or fake words, which the children are expected to segment and blend.
Letters and Sounds Phase 3 Phase 3 covers a range of graphemes. Feel free to explore the resources and games in Phase 3, especially focusing on blending the sounds together to form words.
Phonics Play Phase 3 Any of the interactive games on this site are appropriate for Year 1 children.
ICT Games This is an excellent site that presents all phonics phases in an accessible and fun way.
When children start Phase Four of the Letters and Sounds phonics programme, they will know a grapheme for each of the 42 phonemes. They will be able to blend phonemes to read CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words and segment in order to spell them.
Children will also have begun reading straightforward two-syllable words and simple captions, as well as reading and spelling some tricky words.
In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.
Children entering Phase Five will already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.
In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
With practice, speed at recognising and blending graphemes will improve. Word and spelling knowledge will be worked on extensively.